Dr Laure Peter derex
Adult sleep clinical activity:
Hôpital de la Croix-Rousse – Hôpital Pierre Wertheimer
The sleep medicine and respiratory diseases department can accommodate up to 20 patients daily, for the management of sleep disorders and chronic respiratory failure, particularly in the context of neuromuscular diseases. The service is recognized for its expertise and is part of several reference centers: Competence Center for Narcolepsy and Idiopathic Hypersomnia National Reference Center for Neuromuscular Diseases Competence and Resource Center for Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Structure of sleep and sleep/wake transitions in condition physiological and pathophysiological as a biomarker of diseases neurological (PI: L. Peter-Derex)
- Interactions between epilepsy and sleep (PI: L. Peter-Derex, S. Rheims, P. Ruby)
- Neurophysiological bases and functions of dreams (PI: P. Ruby)
- Non-drug therapeutic approaches in narcolepsy (PI: L. Peter-Derex, K. Spiegel), in insomnia (PI: B Putois), in parasomnias (B. Putois, L. Peter-Derex)
- Clermont-Ferrand University Hospital: Professor Fantini
- Grenoble University Hospital: Professor Sieve
- CHU St Etienne: Professor Roche
- And research teams attached to the national network of rare disease reference/competence centers narcolepsy/hypersomnia
- Montreal, Canada (McGill University/Concordia University: B Frauscher, N von Ellenrieder, J Gotman, C Grova; University of Montreal / Cognitive & Computational Neuroscience Lab: Karim Jerbi)
- Durham, NC, USA (Duke University: B Frauscher)
- Budapest, Hungary (Eötvös Loránd University: P. Simor)
1. Regional variability in intracerebral properties of NREM to REM sleep transitions in humans.
Peter-Derex L, von Ellenrieder N, van Rosmalen F, Hall J, Dubeau F, Gotman J, Frauscher B.
Proc Natl Acad Sci — Abstract
Transitions between wake and sleep states show a progressive pattern underpinned by local sleep regulation. In contrast, little evidence is available on non-rapid eye movement (NREM) to rapid eye movement (REM) sleep boundaries, considered as mainly reflecting subcortical regulation. Using polysomnography (PSG) combined with stereoelectroencephalography (SEEG) in humans undergoing epilepsy presurgical evaluation, we explored the dynamics of NREM-to-REM transitions. PSG was used to visually score transitions and identify REM sleep features. SEEG-based local transitions were determined automatically with a machine learning algorithm using features validated for automatic intra-cranial sleep scoring (10.5281/zenodo.7410501). We analyzed 2988 channel-transitions from 29 patients. The average transition time from all intracerebral channels to the first visually marked REM sleep epoch was 8 s ± 1 min 58 s, with a great heterogeneity between brain areas. Transitions were observed first in the lateral occipital cortex, preceding scalp transition by 1 min 57 s ± 2 min 14 s (d = -0.83), and close to the first sawtooth wave marker. Regions with late transitions were the inferior frontal and orbital gyri (1 min 1 s ± 2 min 1 s, d = 0.43, and 1 min 1 s ± 2 min 5 s, d = 0.43, after scalp transition). Intracranial transitions were earlier than scalp transitions as the night advanced (last sleep cycle, d = -0.81). We show a reproducible gradual pattern of REM sleep initiation, suggesting the involvement of cortical mechanisms of regulation. This provides clues for understanding oneiric experiences occurring at the NREM/REM boundary
2. Enhanced thalamocortical functional connectivity during rapid-eye-movement sleep sawtooth waves.
Peter-Derex L, Avigdor T, Rheims S, Guénot M, von Ellenrieder N, Gotman J, Frauscher B.
3. Safety and efficacy of prophylactic levetiracetam
for prevention of epileptic seizures in the acute phase of intracerebral haemorrhage (PEACH): a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial.
Peter-Derex L, Philippeau F, Garnier P, André-Obadia N, Boulogne S, Catenoix H, Convers P,
Mazzola L, Gouttard M, Esteban M, Fontaine J, Mechtouff L, Ong E, Cho TH, Nighoghossian N,
Perreton N, Termoz A, Haesebaert J, Schott AM, Rabilloud M, Pivot C, Dhelens C, Filip A,
Berthezène Y, Rheims S, Boutitie F, Derex L.
Lancet Neurol — Abstract
Background: The incidence of early seizures (occurring within 7 days of stroke onset) after intracerebral haemorrhage reaches 30% when subclinical seizures are diagnosed by continuous EEG. Early seizures might be associated with haematoma expansion and worse neurological outcomes. Current guidelines do not recommend prophylactic antiseizure treatment in this setting. We aimed to assess whether prophylactic levetiracetam would reduce the risk of acute seizures in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage.
Methods: The double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, phase 3 PEACH trial was conducted at three stroke units in France. Patients (aged 18 years or older) who presented with a non-traumatic intracerebral haemorrhage within 24 h after onset were randomly assigned (1:1) to levetiracetam (intravenous 500 mg every 12 h) or matching placebo. Randomisation was done with a web-based system and stratified by centre and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at baseline. Treatment was continued for 6 weeks. Continuous EEG was started within 24 h after inclusion and recorded over 48 h. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of at least one clinical seizure within 72 h of inclusion or at least one electrographic seizure recorded on continuous EEG, analysed in the modified intention-to-treat population, which comprised all patients who were randomly assigned to treatment and who had a continuous EEG performed. This trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02631759, and is now closed. Recruitment was prematurely stopped after 48% of the recruitment target was reached due to a low recruitment rate and cessation of funding.
Findings: Between June 1, 2017, and April 14, 2020, 50 patients with mild-to-moderate severity intracerebral haemorrhage were included: 24 were assigned to levetiracetam and 26 to placebo. During the first 72 h, a clinical or electrographic seizure was observed in three (16%) of 19 patients in the levetiracetam group versus ten (43%) of 23 patients in the placebo group (odds ratio 0·16, 95% CI 0·03-0·94, p=0·043). All seizures in the first 72 h were electrographic seizures only. No difference in depression or anxiety reporting was observed between the groups at 1 month or 3 months. Depression was recorded in three (13%) patients who received levetiracetam versus four (15%) patients who received placebo, and anxiety was reported for two (8%) patients versus one (4%) patient. The most common treatment-emergent adverse events in the levetiracetam group versus the placebo group were headache (nine [39%] vs six [24%]), pain (three [13%] vs ten [40%]), and falls (seven [30%] vs four [16%]). The most frequent serious adverse events were neurological deterioration due to the intracerebral haemorrhage (one [4%] vs four [16%]) and severe pneumonia (two [9%] vs two [8%]). No treatment-related death was reported in either group.
Interpretation: Levetiracetam might be effective in preventing acute seizures in intracerebral haemorrhage. Larger studies are needed to determine whether seizure prophylaxis improves functional outcome in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage.
4. High dream recall frequency is associated with an increase of both bottom-up and top-down attentional processes.
Ruby P, Masson R, Chatard B, Hoyer R, Bottemanne L, Vallat R, Bidet-Caulet A.
Cereb Cortex — Abstract
Event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with the involuntary orientation of (bottom-up) attention toward an unexpected sound are of larger amplitude in high dream recallers (HR) than in low dream recallers (LR) during passive listening, suggesting different attentional functioning. We measured bottom-up and top-down attentional performance and their cerebral correlates in 18 HR (11 women, age = 22.7 years, dream recall frequency = 5.3 days with a dream recall per week) and 19 LR (10 women, age = 22.3, DRF = 0.2) using EEG and the Competitive Attention Task. Between-group differences were found in ERPs but not in behavior. The results show that HR present larger ERPs to distracting sounds than LR even during active listening, arguing for enhanced bottom-up processing of irrelevant sounds. HR also presented larger contingent negative variation during target expectancy and P3b to target sounds than LR, speaking for an enhanced recruitment of top-down attention. The attentional balance seems preserved in HR since their performances are not altered, but possibly at a higher resource cost. In HR, increased bottom-up processes would favor dream recall through awakening facilitation during sleep and enhanced top-down processes may foster dream recall through increased awareness and/or short-term memory stability of dream content.
5. Dynamics of hippocampus and orbitofrontal cortex activity during arousing reactions from sleep: An intracranial electroencephalographic study.
Ruby P, Eskinazi M, Bouet R, Rheims S, Peter-Derex L.
Hum Brain Mapp — Abstract
Sleep is punctuated by transient elevations of vigilance level called arousals or awakenings depending on their durations. Understanding the dynamics of brain activity modifications during these transitional phases could help to better understand the changes in cognitive functions according to vigilance states. In this study, we investigated the activity of memory-related areas (hippocampus and orbitofrontal cortex) during short (3 s to 2 min) arousing reactions detected from thalamic activity, using intracranial recordings in four drug-resistant epilepsy patients. The average power of the signal between 0.5 and 128 Hz was compared across four time windows: 10 s of preceding sleep, the first part and the end of the arousal/awakening, and 10 s of wakefulness. We observed that (a) in most frequency bands, the spectral power during hippocampal arousal/awakenings is intermediate between wakefulness and sleep whereas frontal cortex shows an early increase in low and fast activities during non-rapid-eye-movement (NREM) sleep arousals/awakenings; (b) this pattern depends on the preceding sleep stage with fewer modifications for REM than for non-REM sleep arousal/awakenings, potentially reflecting the EEG similarities between REM sleep and wakefulness; (c) a greater activation at the arousing reaction onset in the prefrontal cortex predicts longer arousals/awakenings. Our findings suggest that hippocampus and prefrontal arousals/awakenings are progressive phenomena modulated by sleep stage, and, in the neocortex, by the intensity of the early activation. This pattern of activity could underlie the link between sleep stage, arousal/awakening duration and restoration of memory abilities including dream recall.
6. Telehealth-delivered CBT-I programme enhanced by acceptance and commitment therapy for insomnia and hypnotic dependence: A pilot randomized controlled trial.
Chapoutot M, Peter-Derex L, Schoendorff B, Faivre T, Bastuji H, Putois B.
J Sleep Res. — Abstract
Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment for chronic insomnia. However, up to a quarter of patients dropout from cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia programmes. Acceptance, mindfulness and values-based actions may constitute complementary therapeutic tools to cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia. The current study sought to evaluate the efficacy of a remotely delivered programme combining the main components of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (sleep restriction and stimulus control) with the third-wave cognitive behavioural therapy acceptance and commitment therapy in adults with chronic insomnia and hypnotic dependence on insomnia symptoms and quality of life. Thirty-two participants were enrolled in a pilot randomized controlled trial: half of them were assigned to a 3-month waiting list before receiving the four “acceptance and commitment therapy-enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia” treatment sessions using videoconference. The primary outcome was sleep quality as measured by the Insomnia Severity Index and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. All participants also filled out questionnaires about quality of life, use of hypnotics, depression and anxiety, acceptance, mindfulness, thought suppression, as well as a sleep diary at baseline, post-treatment and 6-month follow-up. A large effect size was found for Insomnia Severity Index and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, but also daytime improvements, with increased quality of life and acceptance at post-treatment endpoint in acceptance and commitment therapy-enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia participants. Improvement in Insomnia Severity Index and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was maintained at the 6-month follow-up. Wait-list participants increased their use of hypnotics, whereas acceptance and commitment therapy-enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia participants evidenced reduced use of them. This pilot study suggests that web-based cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia incorporating acceptance and commitment therapy processes may be an efficient option to treat chronic insomnia and hypnotic dependence.
7. Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Sawtooth Waves Are Associated with Widespread Cortical Activations.
Frauscher B, von Ellenrieder N, Dolezalova I, Bouhadoun S, Gotman J, Peter-Derex L.
J Neurosci. — Abstract
Sawtooth waves (STW) are bursts of frontocentral slow oscillations recorded in the scalp electroencephalogram (EEG) during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Little is known about their cortical generators and functional significance. Stereo-EEG performed for presurgical epilepsy evaluation offers the unique possibility to study neurophysiology in situ in the human brain. We investigated intracranial correlates of scalp-detected STW in 26 patients (14 women) undergoing combined stereo-EEG/polysomnography. We visually marked STW segments in scalp EEG and selected stereo-EEG channels exhibiting normal activity for intracranial analyses. Channels were grouped in 30 brain regions. The spectral power in each channel and frequency band was computed during STW and non-STW control segments. Ripples (80-250 Hz) were automatically detected during STW and control segments. The spectral power in the different frequency bands and the ripple rates were then compared between STW and control segments in each brain region. An increase in 2-4 Hz power during STW segments was found in all brain regions, except the occipital lobe, with large effect sizes in the parietotemporal junction, the lateral and orbital frontal cortex, the anterior insula, and mesiotemporal structures. A widespread increase in high-frequency activity, including ripples, was observed concomitantly, involving the sensorimotor cortex, associative areas, and limbic structures. This distribution showed a high spatiotemporal heterogeneity. Our results suggest that STW are associated with widely distributed, but locally regulated REM sleep slow oscillations. By driving fast activities, STW may orchestrate synchronized reactivations of multifocal activities, allowing tagging of complex representations necessary for REM sleep-dependent memory consolidation.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Sawtooth waves (STW) present as scalp electroencephalographic (EEG) bursts of slow waves contrasting with the low-voltage fast desynchronized activity of REM sleep. Little is known about their cortical origin and function. Using combined stereo-EEG/polysomnography possible only in the human brain during presurgical epilepsy evaluation, we explored the intracranial correlates of STW. We found that a large set of regions in the parietal, frontal, and insular cortices shows increases in 2-4 Hz power during scalp EEG STW, that STW are associated with a strong and widespread increase in high frequencies, and that these slow and fast activities exhibit a high spatiotemporal heterogeneity. These electrophysiological properties suggest that STW may be involved in cognitive processes during REM sleep
8. Sleep Disruption in Epilepsy: Ictal and Interictal Epileptic Activity Matter.
Peter-Derex L, Klimes P, Latreille V, Bouhadoun S, Dubeau F, Frauscher B.
Ann Neurol.— Abstract
Objective: Disturbed sleep is common in epilepsy. The direct influence of nocturnal epileptic activity on sleep fragmentation remains poorly understood. Stereo-electroencephalography paired with polysomnography is the ideal tool to study this relationship. We investigated whether sleep-related epileptic activity is associated with sleep disruption.
Methods: We visually marked sleep stages, arousals, seizures, and epileptic bursts in 36 patients with focal drug-resistant epilepsy who underwent combined stereo-electroencephalography/polysomnography during presurgical evaluation. Epileptic spikes were detected automatically. Spike and burst indices (n/sec/channel) were computed across four 3-second time windows (baseline sleep, pre-arousal, arousal, and post-arousal). Sleep stage and anatomic localization were tested as modulating factors. We assessed the intra-arousal dynamics of spikes and their relationship with the slow wave component of non-rapid eye-movement sleep (NR) arousals.
Results: The vast majority of sleep-related seizures (82.4%; 76.5% asymptomatic) were followed by awakenings or arousals. The epileptic burst index increased significantly before arousals as compared to baseline and postarousal, irrespective of sleep stage or brain area. A similar pre-arousal increase was observed for the spike index in NR stage 2 and rapid eye-movement sleep. In addition, the spike index increased during the arousal itself in neocortical channels, and was strongly correlated with the slow wave component of NR arousals (r = 0.99, p < 0.0001).
Interpretation: Sleep fragmentation in focal drug-resistant epilepsy is associated with ictal and interictal epileptic activity. The increase in interictal epileptic activity before arousals suggests its participation in sleep disruption. An additional increase in the spike rate during arousals may result from a sleep-wake boundary instability, suggesting a bidirectional relationship. ANN NEUROL 2020;88:907-920
9. Internet-Based Intervention for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Using Remote Imagery Rehearsal Therapy to Treat Nightmares.
Putois B, Peter-Derex L, Leslie W, Braboszcz C, El-Hage W, Bastuji H.
10. Heterogeneity of arousals in human sleep: A stereo- electroencephalographic study.
Peter-Derex L, Magnin M, Bastuji H.
Neuroimage. — Abstract
Wakefulness, non-rapid eye movement (NREM), and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep are characterized by specific brain activities. However, recent experimental findings as well as various clinical conditions (parasomnia, sleep inertia) have revealed the presence of transitional states. Brief intrusions of wakefulness into sleep, namely, arousals, appear as relevant phenomena to characterize how brain commutes from sleep to wakefulness. Using intra-cerebral recordings in 8 drug-resistant epileptic patients, we analyzed electroencephalographic (EEG) activity during spontaneous or nociceptive-induced arousals in NREM and REM sleep. Wavelet spectral analyses were performed to compare EEG signals during arousals, sleep, and wakefulness, simultaneously in the thalamus, and primary, associative, or high-order cortical areas. We observed that 1) thalamic activity during arousals is stereotyped and its spectral composition corresponds to a state in-between wakefulness and sleep; 2) patterns of cortical activity during arousals are heterogeneous, their manifold spectral composition being related to several factors such as sleep stages, cortical areas, arousal modality (“spontaneous” vs nociceptive-induced), and homeostasis; 3) spectral compositions of EEG signals during arousal and wakefulness differ from each other. Thus, stereotyped arousals at the thalamic level seem to be associated with different patterns of cortical arousals due to various regulation factors. These results suggest that the human cortex does not shift from sleep to wake in an abrupt binary way. Arousals may be considered more as different states of the brain than as “short awakenings.” This phenomenon may reflect the mechanisms involved in the negotiation between two main contradictory functional necessities, preserving the continuity of sleep, and maintaining the possibility to react.